Quit india movement essay writer
Atlee deemed the contribution of "Quit India" movement as minimal, ascribing greater importance to the revolts and growing dissatisfaction among Royal Indian Armed Forces during and after the war as the driving force behind Britain's decision to leave India.
Gandhi, a committed believer in non-violent resistance, had not supported this initiative, because he could not support an endorsement of war; he advocated nonviolent resistance even against the tyranny of HitlerMussoliniand Tojo. On 3 Decemberthe Viceroy ordered the acquittal of all the satyagrahis.
Hundreds of civilians were killed in violence many shot by the police army. Publishers, Ramu, P. His call found support among a large number of Indians.
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See also. You, as Governor, will function as the constitutional head of the province and will be guided entirely on the advice of your Minister. When considered in the light of the turbulence and sectarianism which surfaced during the Partition of India, this can be termed one of the greatest examples of prudence of humanity. Police opened fire on this procession many along with Matangini Hazra died. Such a non-committal attitude during the Indian freedom movement also led to the Sangh being viewed with distrust and anger, both by the general Indian public, as well as certain members of the organization itself. The same Bombay Government report further noted that in December , orders had been issued to the provincial RSS leaders to desist from any activities that the British Government considered objectionable, and the RSS, in turn, had assured the British authorities that "it had no intentions of offending against the orders of the Government". Moreover the belief in the stability of the government was so low that people started withdrawing their deposits from banks and post offices.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Gandhi who was arrested in the early hours of 9 August, started fast on 10 February by declaring that the fast would last for 21 days.
The British swiftly suppressed many of these demonstrations by mass detentions; more thanpeople were imprisoned.
By the end of the Second World WarBritain's place in the world had changed dramatically and the demand for independence could no longer be ignored.
We shall either free India or die in the attempt; we shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery.
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Workers remained absent en masse and strikes were called. Gandhi seized upon the failure of the Cripps Mission , the advances of the Japanese in South-East Asia and the general frustration with the British in India. The talks failed, having failed to address the key demand of a timetable of self-government and of definition of the powers to be relinquished, essentially portraying an offer of limited dominion-status that was wholly unacceptable to the Indian movement. Although the British released Gandhi on account of his health in , he kept up the resistance, demanding the release of the Congress leadership. Workers remained absent en masse and strikes were called. The Congress has asked for bread and it has got stone. There were about 2, instances of telegraph wires being cut. The purpose of the mission was to negotiate with the Indian National Congress a deal to obtain total co-operation during the war, in return for progressive devolution and distribution of power from the crown and the Viceroy to an elected Indian legislature. The Congress handed over the leadership of the movement entirely in the hands of Gandhi and appealed to the people of India to hold together under the leadership and carried out his instructions as disciplined soldiers of the Indian freedom. His call found support among a large number of Indians.
It also found support among Indian revolutionaries who were not necessarily party to Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence. Sangh decided not to do anything directly.
Prabhu and U. Gandhi's wife Kasturbai Gandhi and his personal secretary Mahadev Desai died in months and Gandhi's health was failing, despite this Gandhi went on a day fast and maintained his resolve to continuous resistance.
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However, these were to be only after the cessation of the Second World War. Despite lack of direct leadership, large-scale protests and demonstrations were held all over the country. The draft proposed massive civil disobedience if the British did not accede to the demands. Many national leaders went underground and continued their struggle by broadcasting messages over clandestine radio stations, distributing pamphlets and establishing parallel governments. In the view of Sumit Sarkar, the above statement of Gandhi indicates his social radicalism and shift in the philosophy of the Congress, by now people with the goals of socialism and communism have become a part of the broad-based Congress organization; On the other hand, the British too were equally determined to crush any movement of the Congress. The Quit India Movement thus quickened the process of freedom. The efforts of Cripps mission bore no fruit and the prices of essential commodities were soaring high and the day does not appear to be far off for the deliverance from the British imperialism. There was mass upsurge all over the country for six or seven weeks after the unexpected event of August 9, If the war is to defend the status quo of imperialist possessions and colonies, of vested interest and privilege, then Indian can have nothing to do with it. The same Bombay Government report further noted that in December , orders had been issued to the provincial RSS leaders to desist from any activities that the British Government considered objectionable, and the RSS, in turn, had assured the British authorities that "it had no intentions of offending against the orders of the Government". Gandhi seized upon the failure of the Cripps Mission , the advances of the Japanese in South-East Asia and the general frustration with the British in India.
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