How to write a closing statement

So as I mentioned, you will want to spell out how each element of the offense has been proven. Such an intensive retelling is not necessary for the defense, as they must simply cast a reasonable doubt on the allegations made.

Without having to worry about looking for their next line, an attorney can focus more of their attention on the quality of their speaking.

Written closing argument example defense

At worst, it can even be seen as a malicious attempt to deceive the court. At CollegeVine, we provide guidance to high school students to help them strengthen their extracurricular profiles. This is the place for a recap of anything that tends to prove or disprove elements of the crime. One of the most often encountered occurs when one side states what evidence the opposing side will show. Once the content itself has been finalized, mastering delivery and presence will result in an extremely effective opening or closing argument. Keep in mind that it is best not to write out an opening or closing and simply read it to the jury. If the opposing side failed to adequately address a significant element of the crime, this is where it can be brought up.

If an attorney quotes something that was actually excluded, it is possible for the opposing attorney to call them out during rebuttal or bring up the issue before scoring is submitted. Which element of the crime is the defendant actually contesting?

Prosecution closing argument transcript

If they do accept it make sure all key elements of your legal argument are included. For example for first degree murder, the elements are that the defendant 1 caused the death of another human being, and 2 acted with the intent to cause the death, and 3 did so with premeditation. A description of what the prosecution or defense intends to prove or show. So I ask you, members of the jury, is that really reasonable doubt? Remember that every court case is different. It means you will have to listen closely to what the defense lawyer is saying. Conversely, the defense can emphasize the bright prospects of the defendant, and any positive characteristics they may possess. It also requires a review and summarization of the evidence presented during the case and a legal argument regarding the evidence and what it proves or disproves. For the defense, a focus should be placed on the weakest legal elements that the prosecution must prove. Because the prosecution team presents their opening statement first, and because they have the burden of proof the requirement to prove the defendant guilty , their opening will include much more storytelling. Just seeing an attorney enter the well without any aids and begin an argument is powerful. The key to using the finer points of public speaking is to understand the effect that these factors will have on the audience. A short description of what each of the witnesses will testify. For example, if an attorney intended on having a particular piece of testimony included in the case, but this testimony was excluded because of an objection, it is stricken from the record and cannot be used as evidence. The defendant must be held accountable.

So an opening is just about letting the jury know what the case is about, and to advise them what testimony they may hear and what the expected evidence is.

Because the prosecutor has the burden of proof, he or she has the opportunity to address the jury twice. She started that day just like many other citizens of Columbus. These elements are similar to those listed in the opening statement but differ in two significant ways.

how to write a closing statement wikihow

For example, if an attorney intended on having a particular piece of testimony included in the case, but this testimony was excluded because of an objection, it is stricken from the record and cannot be used as evidence.

The defendant must be held accountable.

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How to Write a Good Closing Argument