An overview of the mental illness anorexia

is anorexia a mental illness

Modern Western culture emphasizes thinness. These will help form the diagnosis and check for related medical issues and complications. And they may have high levels of anxiety and engage in restrictive eating to reduce it. Whenever possible, it is best to identified and address all conditions at the same time.

Eating disorder treatment

A registered dietitian or clinical nutritionist can help you achieve or maintain a healthy weight by teaching you more about good nutrition and helping you develop and follow a balanced eating plan. This means that a person with an eating disorder is five times more likely to abuse drugs or alcohol than a person without an eating disorder, and a person with a substance abuse problem is 11 times more likely to have an eating disorder. Starvation and weight loss may change the way the brain works in vulnerable individuals, which may perpetuate restrictive eating behaviors and make it difficult to return to normal eating habits. Dieting and starvation. Eating disorders and substance abuse. Addictive Behaviors, 23 2. Sources How Are They Related? Coping with one of these issues increases the chances that a person may have to cope with the other, at some point in time, and there are a number of factors that contribute to the interplay between both disorders. Comorbid drug use disorders and eating disorders — a review of prevalence studies.

Other complications of anorexia include: Anemia Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure Bone loss osteoporosisincreasing the risk of fractures Loss of muscle In females, absence of a period In males, decreased testosterone Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating or nausea Electrolyte abnormalities, such as low blood potassium, sodium and chloride Kidney problems If a person with anorexia becomes severely malnourished, every organ in the body can be damaged, including the brain, heart and kidneys.

International Journal of Eating Disorders, 39 5.

psychological causes of anorexia

Thompson-Brenner, H. Personality pathology and substance abuse in eating disorders: A longitudinal study.

An overview of the mental illness anorexia

In addition, a mental health professional will conduct a psychological evaluation. Further resources and information BEAT is an organisation that provides support and advice lines as well as a range of online resources about eating disorders The National Centre for Eating Disorders provides training for professionals and resources for those struggling with eating disorders. And how do we know when to seek mental health treatment? They may have an extreme drive for perfectionism, which causes them to think they're never thin enough. During your therapy sessions, you may work with the mental health practitioner to agree on an eating plan to ensure you are getting the appropriate vitamins and minerals from your diet. This suggests a genetic link. The comorbidity of substance use disorders and eating disorders in women: Prevalence, etiology, and treatment.

For others, their eating disorder gave way to substance abuse. Nursing Interventions for Addicted Patients, If you are considering support for eating disorders, we recommend getting in touch with your GP or primary care provider to discuss which approach may be best for you.

psychological causes of eating disorders

Cochrane, C.

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Is Anorexia a Mental Illness?